Discover 8 of the best cannabis varieties against pain

Discover 8 of the best cannabis varieties against pain

Cannabis users use the plant for different purposes. Fighting or alleviating pain is possibly one of the most used and there are many different options for this reason

Many people use cannabis to fight pain. There are many varieties for such need and here we leave some of them known.

Afghan Haze: This indica / sativa hybrid from Mr Nice is one of those varieties from the old Dutch school, developed with lines from Nevil Schoenmakers. It has a flowering period of 10 weeks, being climates like the Mediterranean where you feel more comfortable. In aroma and flavor, incense and spicy touches predominate. Also musky brush strokes typical of the Skunk. The effects are powerful and it is possibly the most famous variety for the treatment of all types of pain.

Cheese Quake: This is a UK Exodus Cheese x Querkle hybrid developed by the former TGA Subcool. After the fires that a few years ago destroyed Subcool’s home in California, he resurfaced with the name of Subcool the Dank, where he continues to offer us jewelry like this. It has clear touches of cured cheese and grapes, more intense than others according to the phenotype. The effects are very powerful and famous for their pain relief, after an intense brain effect follows the most absolute relaxation.

Sour Diesel: is a hybrid with sativa dominance of great fame in the United States and Europe. This is a complex crossing made in the early 90’s by the Chem Dog breeder, possibly by combining Chemdawg, Northern Lights and Mass Super Skunk. It has a very characteristic smell and taste of fuel, in addition to a very high power. As a medical marijuana it is very interesting for its properties to combat stress, pain and anxiety.

 

 

Jack Herer: it is one of the flagships of Sensi Seeds and one of the most awarded Dutch varieties in history. It is a dominant sativa hybrid that combines the 3 most influential varieties in history such as Skunk, Haze and Northen Lights. It also stands out for the variability of phenotypes that it presents, with up to four differentiated ones: three of them sativa, and the other indica. In Holland it is a variety distributed under medical prescription in pharmacies as a variety of medical cannabis.

Skunk Haze: is another variety from the old school of Mr Nice. Together with Sensi Seeds and Greenhouse, it is one of the banks that has developed the best Skunk / Haze hybrids of all time. In this case it is a powerful F1 hybrid of medium-long flowering of great production and classic Skunk / Haze flavor. The effects are powerful, mainly psychoactive and with a slow and relaxing end. It is also very appropriate as medical cannabis to treat pain, stress or depression.

Rocklock: developed by DNA Genetics, for a while now we can find it in the GYO collection, a DNA seed bank. It is a Warlock x Rockstar crossover, so it contains a large load of Skunk genetics. It is an easy plant to grow, resistant, quite fast flowering, very high production and very skunky aromas. The effects are powerful and mainly relaxing. It is very interesting to rest, relax or sleep, as well as relieve pain.

 

Green Crack: strain of medical cannabis from the Californian bank The Cali Connection. For their development they had the famous Green Crack clone known as Cecil B that they combined with a Cecil B x DeadHead retrocruce for two generations. It is a very fast flowering indica / sativa hybrid that offers citrus, floral, spice and sandalwood buds. The effects are powerful, balanced between physical and mental, and very durable.

Medicine Man: We finished with another of Mr Nice’s jewels, in turn a version of the White Rhino developed by him as he passed through Greenhouse. It is a great cross of Afghani x Black Widow and known for its effectiveness in treating joint, muscle aches or treating sleep disorders and stress. This F1 hybrid develops elegant and very productive plants, easy to grow both outdoors and indoors. The taste is dense and the effects very powerful.

 

Source: https://www.lamarihuana.com/descubre-8-de-las-mejores-variedades-de-cannabis-contra-el-dolor/

‘Cannabis Store Amsterdam’, a surprise in the center of Madrid

When passing through the surroundings of Callao Square , something catches our attention. Ours and that of many of the people who walk there and who cannot help but fall in love with a shop window and try – with a half smile and a lot of curiosity – to discover what is going on inside. The marijuana leaves that are advertised on its facade make it clear which is the center of such expectation. Cannabis Store Amsterdam Madrid arrives at the Calle Preciados to put at our disposal an arsenal of truly amazing products that incorporate part of the properties of the plant, obviously without THC , the illegal constituent of cannabis.

When entering the interior, something reminds us of Amsterdam, where this type of shops proliferates between coffee shops and souvenir shops. And it is that precisely in other European cities this franchise begins that the businessman Yamin Benhamú has brought to Madrid. Inside we are attended by the smiling Juliette Ghamra who rushes to offer us a coffee . ‘Classic, with hemp essence or with CBD?’ Since the prejudices in this regard are many, we sit down to hear what each one has to understand more about this shop / cafeteria that is a small earthquake in the heart of the city.

We venture to try the one that contains CBD , since as she explains to us, it is the medicinal substance of cannabis, that is, the one that helps us relax. In this case, the concentration of CBD is so small that, being coffee a stimulating substance, the effect can be noticed very lightly (always depending on the tolerance of each person). In addition, it has a somewhat special flavor and can be accompanied -as a coffee to use- of milk of animal or vegetable origin, to the taste of each.

As a complement to this original coffee, an assortment of cookies and great cookies that are, as Juliette tells us, the best seller in the store. In the case of small cookies, its aroma and smell of grass is intense and the taste has as many lovers as detractors. If we talk about the Cookie with chocolate chips , for example, things change a lot and we will hardly notice that it contains cannabis derivatives. A butter cookie ‘ with something special ‘.

CANNABIS STORE AMSTERDAM MADRID great variety in lollipops and cannabis lollipops

But not everything is going to be brown. On the shelves that surround this Prized Cannabis Store, we find a few more surprises. Another one that can be taken in one of the tables that are arranged in the establishment are their beers , for example. Very fresh and, like coffee, with CBD. How could it be otherwise, here we also have something for pica pica, in case we whet our appetite with the reeds. These are chips – similar to Fritos of a lifetime – that include substances derived from the mary (like everything here) and that have an addictive spicy touch at the end. A VERY original break for mid afternoon.

In addition to these products that are ideal for on-site consumption, here they have a good assortment of lollipops, which, as they indicate from the store, are other of the most consumed products. And it is that the variety overwhelms: from candies with intense herb flavor to others that mix it with chewing gum, fruits or soft drinks. Beside these, the sweet section continues with different varieties of chocolate or the coffee itself to take you home. In Cannabis Store Amsterdam they also think of smokers and there are really original objects that, even if they are curious, are well worth your visit.

And so, between cañitas, coffee and that hymn of Bob Marley that is ‘ No woman no cry,’ among other mythical reggae melodies, one leaves the store more learned and, why say it, something more chill . With preconceived ideas on the other side of the door, knowing Cannabis Store Amsterdam is highly recommended. We assure you that the good time will be worth it.

CANNABIS STORE AMSTERDAM MADRID edible and related cannabis articles perfectly legal

Source: https://madriddiferente.com/tiendas/cannabis-store-amsterdam-madrid-centro/

 

Discover 8 varieties that will increase your creativity

The effects of cannabis use are very varied, one of them would help the ability to increase creativity

Many people use cannabis for its health benefits. There are also others who use it for its goodness for creativity. Here we leave eight of them for this need.

Kali Mist: one of the flagship of Serious Seeds, winner of the High Times Cannabis Cup in the years 1995 and 2000 in Hydro and Sativa categories respectively, in addition to other minor awards. It is a sativa of uncertain origin, although it is very likely to contain sativa genes from Southeast Asia and specifically from Cambodia. It is a potent variety, with very psychoactive, positive and creative effects.

White Widow: it is one of the most famous Dutch varieties and the best known genetics of Greenhouse Seeds. This indica / sativa Brazil x India hybrid was released in the mid-90s. It is a plant that stands out for its very compact, resinous buds. Its flavor is also spectacular, in addition to its powerful and balanced effects.

 

Blue Dream: it is a Californian variety and a classic within the most medicinal plants. It is a hybrid with sativa dominance that combines Super Silver Haze and Blueberry. The flavor retains the characteristic blueberry touches of the Blueberry, with more resinous and bulky buds inherited from the SSH. The effects are mainly cerebral, hilarious and good for creativity.

Trainwreck: also known as Arcata in reference to the variety of Humboldt County, in California. Of uncertain origin, it could be a hybrid of Afghan and Sativa indica from Mexico and Thailand. It is a plant with indica dominance and sativa characteristics. It produces resinous buds with an earthy, spicy, fruity and citrus flavor. The effects are powerful, cerebral, energetic and stimulate creativity.

Willie Nelson: is one of Reeferman’s best creations, a powerful F1 hybrid crossing Vietnamese Black x Highland Nepalese. In 2005, he won the High Times Cannabis Cup in the best sativa category. It is a short flowering plant to be a 100% sativa, about 12 weeks. The taste is sweet, acid and citric, with stimulating, sociable effects that will make you discover your most creative side.

Chocolate Thai: is a Thai sativa famous for being a fundamental piece in the development of the Blueberry by DJ Short (Floral Line). Also in other famous hybrids like Chocolope from DNA Genetics. As a good Thai sativa, it is a plant of very vigorous growth, flavor true to its name and very psychoactive and lasting effects, stimulates equally body and mind.

Euphoria: Dutch Passion variety developed in 1996 and winner of the Highlife Cup in 2002. It also has a prestigious second place in the 2000 High Times Cup. It is a very refined selection of the Skunk, not so sweet and faster flowering . It is a classic in indoor crops for its great performance and ease. The effects are powerful, euphoric as the name implies, and very creative.

Green Goblin: famous variety of Skunkwerk Genetics crossing of Green Lantern x RoadKillSkunk. It has indica dominance and a large Skunk load. It is a resistant plant, easy to grow and very productive. Skunky touches dominate with earthy and incense brushstrokes. The effects are stimulating, powerful and long lasting. Perfect to perform any type of creative task.

Source: https://www.lamarihuana.com/descubre-8-variedades-que-aumentaran-tu-creatividad/

New study confirms: cannabis improves sex

New study confirms: cannabis improves sex

A new study published earlier this month by the Journal of Sexual Medicine has again shown that cannabis improves sexual intercourse. This does nothing but endorse the previous investigations in this regard.

On this occasion 373 people were surveyed, mostly white women, who anonymously answered a questionnaire between March 2016 and February 2017. Among other questions, the participants responded about their sexual activity, from current satisfaction or sexual desire, up to the quality of orgasm and lubrication during sex.

 

Logically, they were also asked about their cannabis use habits. If they consumed it before sexual intercourse and how often they consumed it before these intercourse. After comparing the results by type of population and other variables, these are the conclusions.

Of the test group, 176 people were cannabis users. Of these, 49 did not use cannabis before sexual intercourse in front of 127 people who were. Of these 127, 68.5% said they had an increase in sexual desire. 60.6% report more pleasant sexual relations and 52.8% also coincide in more intense orgasms. In contrast, the majority of women surveyed reported no improvement in vaginal lubrication.

The researchers determined that «marijuana seems to improve satisfaction with orgasm . « People who use cannabis before having a sexual relationship are more likely to get more pleasant experiences and more intense orgasms than those who do not use cannabis. In addition, Dr. Becky Lin, assistant professor of gynecology and author of the study states that «women use it to relieve pain during sex, to intensify orgasm and improve sexual desire.»

But why are orgasms better after using cannabis? A study published just over a year ago found a link between specific components of the body that are associated with the cannabinoid receptor system and the orgasm phase.

 

Source: https://www.lamarihuana.com/nuevo-estudio-lo-confirma-el-cannabis-mejora-el-sexo/

This is a (legal) cannabis smoking club in the heart of Madrid

 

«Do you smoke?» They asked me on a Saturday at about 5 p.m. «Tobacco, no,» I replied jokingly to my interlocutor, a friend of a friend who had agreed on a couple of nights, one of them certainly wild that included mezcals, fights, attempted robberies, a fight and a vomit In a taxi.

– «Do you feel like going to a smoking club?»

When I heard it, the first thing I thought about was a group of old men smoking a pipe and chatting about politics, economics and in-depth issues, but that didn’t hit me with the person I was talking to, so I told him that he will explain well in what was that before anything else?
“It’s a place where you pay 10 euros a month to become a member, and there you can smoke your joints quietly. They have a lot of variety and the quality is incredible, you can’t imagine ”.

«And is that legal ???» It was my astonished response, because I had no idea that there were such places, a kind of Spanish coffee shops in which, he explained, there are cultural activities, movies, football, you can drink beer and, all this, without break the law. You arrive, you ‘withdraw’ cannabis (you never buy or catch) and smoke. Yes, you had to meet him.

Everything smells clandestine, forbidden, not too legal. But it is. Or at least a priori. The black door, the darkness around her, creates a certainly murky halo that leaves a feeling of entering a place outside the law. When they receive you, the first question is a ‘what do you want’ for something intimidating. And it is not a free access site for everyone: anyone who wants to join the club, should be recommended by a member . Or fill in an inscription that will be very studied before receiving the ‘ok’.

Once it is clarified that you are going on behalf of someone you trust, an ‘old’ partner, and that you declare yourself a habitual cannabis smoker, the explanation comes. » We are a non-profit association» , they begin to clarify that the money it costs to become a member (around 10 euros per month or 50 per year is usual in these places) is because «you have to pay the electricity, rent and the people who work here. « The system is like that of a cooperative. «Just like tomatoes or eggplants, ours is cannabis,» they explain. The idea is clear: a joint crop in which each member then withdraws their product. And the key word in this club is WITHDRAWAL. «You don’t get or buy, you withdraw your product . « They place special emphasis on this so that they are not accused at any time of drug trafficking, while explaining that the amount they have in the store is not too high.

It is striking how much discretion is affected as the key to a local like this not having problems with the authorities. «Never stay at the door», «if you wait for a friend, do it elsewhere, a little apart», «do not leave the car in a double row at the door» or «do not take drinks or of course smoke outside» These are some of the keys that point you. The goal is not to attract attention, not to disturb anyone, to go completely unnoticed. Make it a perfect business for the rest of the neighbors, who don’t have a single complaint.

And then comes the big question, one of the most controversial aspects: can the ‘withdrawn product’ be taken to the street? Yes you can. It is yours and therefore you can take it home. As you are well reminded, it is illegal to take cannabis on public roads , so your advice is that you smoke it inside … or that you keep it in your parts. «There they cannot register you (the Police), and if they do, sign under protest and call us, we offer you legal support.» Of course, after this advice, they reiterate that the ideal is to consume the product within the premises , «which is what it is for,» and they offer you a kind of lockers so you can save what you have withdrawn and have not used up that day.

Once inside, nobody expects a cloudy place or a strange environment. Comfortable armchairs, some tables and bars. The most absolute normality. Concerts, football matches, monologues, a pool table, or board games are some of the activities offered by the club to hang out with your favorite drink and, of course, the local star product, cannabis. Several brochures show you the different and varied types of maria and cannabis for you to choose, a couple of people attend and advise you, let them examine you thoroughly and choose what you want. It can not be easier. It’s all so normal, so quiet, so seemingly ideal, that thinking that you can try to ban premises like that sounds a bit absurd.

PD: No, it is not difficult to find one of these places in Madrid. Just a simple Google search and several of them will be shown to you. Once there, you know what you are going to find.

Source: https://www.timeout.es/madrid/es/blog/asi-es-un-club-legal-de-fumadores-de-cannabis-en-pleno-centro-de-madrid-110515

Marijuana Blooms in Madrid

Several Madrid companies bill millions of euros with hemp and its related products. Although the plant is illegal and police persecution of the sector, they forecast a boom encouraged by foreign investmentmarihuana madrid

«Marijuana has not yet reached the ceiling.» Álvaro Zamora, 37, is clear. And it does not refer to the size of the plants but to the marijuana business, which is experiencing an effervescent moment. Zamora has more than half a life being passionate about the hemp plant. 15 years ago he started working behind the counter of a small shop in the center of Madrid dedicated to cannabis products. Now he speaks from a 1,200-square-meter warehouse in Rivas, the headquarters of Leaf Life, a company dedicated to the distribution of products for cannabis self-cultivation , where Zamora serves as head of international sales. The firm closed 2016 with a turnover of 12.7 million euros, three times more than what it invoiced in 2012 (4.1 million), according to data from the commercial register. Encouraged by the global climate of legalization , businesses related to cannabis flourish. In Spain, despite the prohibition of the plant, the cannabis industry is experiencing its best moment in two decades; Madrid is home to many of these companies.

“The profile of entrepreneurs is changing a lot. At the beginning we were all hippies and every time I see more men in suits and ties, ”adds Zamora, who has visited ten congresses this year, in Italy, Mexico or the United States to meet with large international investors. Leaf Life, with 46 workers, is not the only company based in Madrid dedicated to this buoyant business. Although they export, generate direct work and invoice millions of euros in a legal way, the entire industry associated with cannabis continues to live with some concern: unlike other countries, in Spain the mere fact of growing the plant is illegal. In addition – and unlike other autonomous communities – in Madrid some actors in the sector feel “harassed”.

The hemp market has several facets and types of businesses: associations or clubs of smokers, growshops (stores for growers), seed banks, industrial hemp, distributors, manufacturers, magazines and lawyers. Users use the plants for recreational or therapeutic purposes and plant at home or join a club. Both activities are framed within the margins of the law. While hemp seeds are legal, raise a plant no. At the same time, going to a club to consume is allowed, but it is forbidden to transport the minimum amount of marijuana or hashish on the street. Although users are the most obvious part of the cannabis world – three out of every ten Spaniards have ever consumed it, according to data from the National Drug Plan – the facet that moves more money and the one that has grown the most is the industrial one: companies that create seeds, those that distribute wholesale materials to raise the plant or stores that they sell to growers.

The first growshop in Spain opened in Madrid: Houseplant opened in 1997 in a small shop on Palma street. Like many businesses of the time, they dared not put the minimum reference to marijuana in their logos or advertisements. Currently, it is still operating in Malasaña, but in a huge two-floor store in San Vicente Ferrer. Last year, it invoiced more than one million euros, ten times more than in 2014. For its part, Cannabiogen, created in 2002 as the first Spanish seed bank, multiplied its income by four between 2012 and 2016, up to 1.2 million in sales annual

“My California colleagues are surprised at the size our industry has acquired despite the illegality [of the plant],” says Enrique Díez, aka Kaiki, founder of Cannabiogen, based in Alcobendas. Like other cannabis-pioneering entrepreneurs, for years he used a pseudonym for fear of reprisals: «Nobody wanted to get in trouble with the DEA [US Drug Enforcement Agency].» Now, these small entrepreneurs in Madrid, who opened business in the sector two decades ago, are experiencing a bright moment, thanks to a progressive normalization of cannabis and the impulse of foreign markets where medicinal or recreational consumption has been legalized. They are still far from the multimillion dollar figures of some businessmen from Canada or from several US states that have legalized the business, but predict a prosperous future for the sector in Spain.

«We have it all but there is still legal uncertainty,» says Xosé Bargé, spokesman for Spannabis, one of the most important fairs in the sector – «the main cannabis exhibition in Europe» – and which has been taking place in Spain for fifteen editions. Madrid has hosted the event in previous editions (in La Cover de Leganés, Casa de Campo or in Rivas) and was going to do it again in 2019. But last October the organizers changed Madrid for Barcelona, ​​specifically for Cornellá de Llobregat The reason: the previous year his visitors felt harassed by the police at the entrance or exit of the event, which fined several of them. «Something that does not happen in Catalonia,» they say from the organization. It coincides that in 2019, Spannabis celebrates the biggest event in its history: 282 exhibitors, with a waiting list of a hundred, (and with more than twice as many exhibitors as ten years ago). An entry to the March congress, with an invitation to the afterparty at the five-star hotel W Barcelona, ​​borders the 500 dollars (499, about 440 euros).

Although she was a pioneer in the cannabis industry, Madrid has lagged behind Barcelona. In Spain, in 2028, the medicinal and recreational cannabis industry has the potential to reach 6.1 billion euros, according to a study by the London consultant Prohibition Partners, always assuming legalization. In addition, the activity could generate more than 3,000 million euros in taxes and social security contributions, according to a study by the Drug Policy Unit of the Autonomous University of Barcelona published last month. The most optimistic predict that Spain could be a world power in the sector because of its favorable climate for cultivation and because it is the second largest tourist market in the world.

Facilities in Rivas of the company Leaf Life, dedicated to the distribution of the necessary material for the cultivation of cannabis.
Facilities in Rivas of the company Leaf Life, dedicated to the distribution of the necessary material for the cultivation of cannabis. KIKE FOR

Madrid is home to two of the six companies that the Medicines Agency licensed in 2016 for cultivation for therapeutic or research purposes: Alcaliber, recently sold by Spanish billionaire Juan Abelló to the British fund GHO, and DJT Plants, controlled by the British William Piccaver Stuart. These plantations, authorized by the Government, are seen as the prelude to the expected legislative relaxation. On the other hand, Barcelona and the rest of the Mediterranean have benefited from its climate, ideal for outdoor cultivation. There are some of the biggest seedbeds, such as the Catalan Alchimia (7.5 million turnover and 39 employees); the Valencian Sweet Seeds (6.3 million and 43 workers). The largest of all is the Basque Dinafem Seeds with (17.8 million and 72 employees). Basque Country pioneered the creation of smoking clubs.

“In Spain, the plant is demonized. In Madrid, all the activity, very persecuted ”, affects the lawyer Bernardo Soriano, who is also a spokesman for Responsible Regulation. Activists and businessmen also complain that the prosecutor’s office has recently tightened its stance regarding smoking clubs . They point out that the police are waiting at the doors of these premises to fine members for carrying cannabis in their pocket. The possession of drugs on public roads, even if it is an amount for personal consumption, is sanctioned with fines of between 601 and 30,000 euros.

Cintia, 30, is the manager of one of these clubs. He does not want to give his real name and asks that the location of his establishment not be identified, next to a discreet portal in a neighborhood of Madrid. The space, diaphanous and bright, has two floors: in one there are a couple of teles; in the other, only books, armchairs and even a smoke-free room. Between them, a small room works as a dispensary for various varieties of hashish and marijuana. “Every day, when I come to work, I think I can end up at the police station,” he acknowledges. He opened the club two and a half years ago. Account that started with 20 partners, now have 600: «300 assets [that come at least once a month] and about 50, therapeutic.» «We think about growing and opening in another neighborhood,» says the businesswoman, «but we are waiting to see what happens with the legal issue.» His colleagues in the sector in other cities in Spain tell him that the police do not stop them as much as in the capital. «In Spain, 320,000 people are sanctioned annually for having cannabis in their pocket,» says Bernardo Soriano, who represents many of the 110 clubs currently operating in the capital, according to data from the FAC (Federation of Cannabis Associations).

In spite of everything, in Madrid the industry continues to flourish. Entrepreneurs believe that the greatest potential of the capital, in the legalization scenario, lies in the sale of the final product in dispensaries and in smoking clubs, which could open their doors to tourists. The lawyer Bernardo Soriano believes that in the current legislature it is “unlikely” that the sale of marijuana is authorized, but he predicts that it will occur soon: “At the latest in five years”. He believes that the legalization last month in Canada , “driven by a liberal government”, will contribute to the dismantling of many objections from the Spanish right and from the most moralistic and paternalistic sectors: “We have never been so close”.

POLITICAL MOVEMENTS TOWARDS REGULATION

Seeds of various cannabis varieties.
Seeds of various cannabis varieties. RAUL ARBOLEDA AFP / GETTY IMAGES

Experiences with cannabis in the nine US states where its use is allowed – as in Colorado, where therapeutic use is legal since 2000 and recreational, since 2012; in Uruguay or, since last October, in Canada they are not only spurring the global market but also the political debate.

«Only the political path remains,» says lawyer Bernardo Soriano. It refers to the fact that the laws raised and the judgments ruled in Spain are closing the door more and more to options such as the so-called «collective consumption» , a legal precept on which the smoking clubs are based in order to function.

«We have done everything possible,» says the lawyer who is also a spokesperson for the Responsible Regulation initiative, in defense of removing the plant and its derivatives from illegality. They have launched ideas such as the realization of an autonomous law in Madrid (they registered a Proposal No of Law for its achievement) as well as several Popular Legislative Initiatives (ILP) in other regional parliaments: in 14 of them some type of action has been carried out.

Catalonia passed a law to regulate the clubs, but the Constitutional annulled it shortly after considering that it invaded the powers of the State and could protect illegal activities. In Madrid, on the other hand, regional law did not prosper. In addition, the entry and exit of club members is controlled and several have been closed – the last one, a week ago. Many, within the world of cannabis, associate that hard hand with the arrival at the Provincial Prosecutor’s Office of Madrid of María Jesús Armesto.

From the Responsible Regulation they convened last year, at the end of May, a concentration in Madrid, at the Puerta del Sol: 25,000 people attended. «Apart from that it can be a strategic sector, in Spanish society there is a de facto standardization,» adds the lawyer. It provides another figure to reinforce that idea: «12 years ago there were no smoking clubs in Spain, now there are 1,500».

After the announcement of the legalization in Canada, Podemos took the debate on cannabis to Congress . Its ultimate goal is to modify the current narcotics law, which criminalizes the sale and cultivation of marijuana and restricts consumption and possession to private spaces.

The party plans to present a proposal to legalize cannabis in early 2019. A regulation with which the party also seeks to avoid market concentration in a few hands. «We want the Spanish model to be deeply democratic in every way, and especially economically to avoid monopolies and / or oligopolies,» says Podemos deputy Miguel Vila. “This is, in fact, the fundamental battle. The question is no longer whether or not to legalize cannabis, but of how and when we will do it. In the how is where the key is and therefore where there will be greater political dispute, ”adds the politician.

Source: https://elpais.com/ccaa/2018/11/03/madrid/1541265633_217498.html

Tomorrow Saturday “World Marijuana March 2019” in Madrid

This year and like all the previous ones, the streets of Madrid will witness this great demonstration in favor of marijuana.

On Saturday, May 11 at the Puerta del Sol in Madrid and at 6:00 p.m., the World Marijuana March 2019 will begin.

The March is organized by the OECCC, ConFAC, AMEC, REMA, 4M, Encod and the FCV. This year it has returned to bet on a musical format that previous editions turned out to be a great success. Tens of thousands of supporters of this cannabis cause are expected as in previous years.

This year and like all the previous ones, the streets of Madrid will witness this great demonstration in favor of marijuana. It will be a great opportunity for all people who in one way or another feel identified with a more social, legal and current treatment with cannabis and its users, can manifest themselves festively. The World Marijuana March 2019 hopes to be a great success of assistance.

From the entire Iberian Peninsula

Practically cannabis lovers will come from all corners of Spain. Buses have been organized in many Spanish cities that will help people from all these cities meet at this important annual event that, year after year, has been gathering more and more people.

The march is held during this month of May in dozens of countries around the world with a festive atmosphere. Spain, and in this case as always from its capital, Madrid, it is expected that the massive event is a reminder to the Spanish and international authorities that cannabis is present among us and that it has an unfair treatment even to the plant and its consumers.

Needless to say, millions of people use it or have used it. All of them cannot and should not be transgressing an unjust law. This must be legally fixed, legislation must be resolved to solve this situation by regulating its consumption, trade, cultivation and production.

Governments must legislate for their citizens and must guarantee minimum security for their consumption. The existing black market, the result of prohibitionist laws, cannot continue to be maintained. Much more dangerous substances such as alcohol and tobacco enjoy a legality accepted by all. Legality that is the minimum that is requested for another substance that is not harmless, but much less dangerous to health than those other two legal substances that are of daily use.

World Marijuana March for its medicinal use

Also, the therapeutic consumption from which so many people benefit must be regulated. Many people must have controlled access, advice and security with the highest quality guarantees for this natural medicine. Science is the greatest supporter of this substance and the therapeutic use of cannabis is increasingly used and researched by scientists and for its health benefits.

Its medicinal consumption to combat the side effects of therapies against cancer and other serious diseases, or its proven beneficial effect to combat pain, is another consumption that is widespread. Its use is already legal in many countries to help with serious diseases such as different types of epilepsy.

March for a more sustainable world

In a world where you have breakfast with the natural disasters created and helped by the hand of man and his use of fossil resources, the cannabis plant can be erected as a solution or a great help. The cannabis plant, also in its hemp or cannabis light version, is an excellent raw material that nature has given us. A greater use of this plant at the industrial level would help combat the dependence on fossil fuels with all that means.

March for Marijuana and for change in the 21st century

After years of prohibition with the cannabis plant, and that the twentieth century does not know exactly how or why, was the architect of this war against it, the twenty-first century rises with a more current look and with science and research behind.

Decades of a wrong and failed war have led to a worldwide movement in favor of a legal regime change with the plant. The fight against it has caused black markets that sustain the mafias and crime, poor security for its consumption and has not been able to combat its use. The ban has gone against people.

Nations and states around the world have begun to change their legal status and The Global Marijuana March 2019 wants to be the image of so many people who encourage governments to join this regulatory movement.

Madrid in Spain wants to be the image and voice of all those people who for one reason or another want a real change from another image and status to the plant and its users. Cannabis and for thousands and thousands of years, has been next to the human being as food, clothing, medicine, fuel and why not, as a complement to happiness and celebration.

«But how beautiful you are Maria.» World Marijuana March 2019 in Madrid. A great green party for endless claims. Mac

Source: https://www.lamarihuana.com/manana-sabado-marcha-mundial-de-la-marihuana-2019-en-madrid/

The legality of cannabis clubs in the Supreme Court ruling of September 7, 2015

THE LEGALITY OF CANNABIS CLUBS. THE SUPREME COURT SENTENCE OF SEPTEMBER 7, 2015.

On 5 July 2012, José Luis Diez Ripollés and Juan Muñoz Sánchez, Professors of Criminal Law at the University of Malaga, issued, at the request of the Federation of Cannabis Associations of the Basque Country, an Opinion on the legality of the constitution and the operation of the Social Cannabis Clubs; their conclusions have given leagl clothing over the years to hundreds of user associations that have based their statutes on the interpretation that is defended there from the so-called doctrine of shared consumption, however the recent ruling of the Supreme Court 484 of 07 September 2015 states that «this doctrine has been stretched to break its seams».

THE FACTS TESTED

The «Association of Studies and Users of Hemp EBERS» was legally established in 2010 in accordance with the law of the Basque Parliament of Associations of 2007 and was regularly registered in the General Register of Associations of the Basque Country, in its Statutes expressly stated as its purpose the launch of «a shared use project, having as its maximum always comply with the advice established by the Spanish Supreme Court, in its recent jurisprudence line that welcomes the impunity of consumption shared by already users.»
Each associate signed a «Consumption Forecast Agreement» stating the amount of consumption planned for a period of six months, with a maximum of two grams per day, and a «Crop Agreement» assuming as a collective the crop that the association entrusted to a Gardener.

None of its founders or members of the Board of Directors had a criminal record and the association grouped 290 partners when, in 2011, their registered office was searched by the Municipal Police, which found 4,750 grams of marijuana being arrested and charged with (drug trafficking) an offence against public health, integration into a criminal group or alternatively of unlawful association three members of the Board of Directors and two partners who manipulated the substance at the time of registration.

They were all acquitttttous by the Provincial Court of Bilbao but the Public Prosecutor’s Office, following the Instruction of 2/2013 of the State Attorney General’s Office on some issues relating to associations promoting cannabis use filed recourse before the Supreme Court.
Expressly the Supreme Court admits that neither the distribution to third parties, nor the profit motive of the association, but expressly, also, says that none of that data is essential and what the Supreme Court really judges is if (it literally says the judgment) «the organization of a methodical, institutionalized structure, with a vocation of permanence and open to the successive and staggered integration of a large number of people» fits into the doctrine of shared consumption.

It is therefore a trial of the associative system of distribution of cannabis, to the model of the Social Cannabis Club.

It is true that the Judgment refers, in the appeal, to the magnitude of the substance handled, in relation to a figure greater than 10 tonnes, but this figure results only from the manifestations of the Public Prosecutor’s Office and not from the Facts tested. If such a statement of amount entails the introduction of new facts into the proceedings (something that is not allowed on appeal) it will be decided, where appropriate, by the Constitutional Court or the European Court of Human Rights.

In any case, in substantiating the conviction the Supreme takes into account only the amount of 4750 grams intervened and imposes on the accused prison sentences of eight months (on the members of the Board of Directors) and three months (to the other two partners) with the ancillary of dishabilitac right to vote and acquits all defendants of the crimes of illicit association and criminal group.

THE BASICS OF LAW

It is indifferent that there is profit in the distribution.-
The Judgment, after setting out the thesis of the Provincial Hearing that acquitted the defendants and that of the Prosecutor’s Office that resorted to the Supreme Court, rules out that the profit motive is a relevant element in defining drug trafficking and states that it does not appear that the the presence of a paraens of personal enrichment is significant in a risky crime that protects public health.

The Supreme Court considers that all drug use is illegal.-
Article 368 of the Penal Code criminalizes drug trafficking as an abstract crime of danger and sanctions all actions aimed at promoting, promoting or facilitating «illegal consumption» and the Supreme Court considers that «any use or intake of the drug by various organic pathways other than those expressly authorized for therapeutic or health-positive purposes» is illegal consumption (i.e. not in accordance with legality even if, as such, it is not punishable).

However, this interpretation is not peaceful, there is no rule that generally prohibits drug use or declares it illegal and the very configuration of drug trafficking as an abstract danger crime leads to the conclusion that where there is no such danger, the consumption will not be illegal for criminal purposes. According to this opinion (to which the aforementioned Opinion is received) and taking into account the Citizens’ Security Act and the Narcotics Act, only consumption in public places will be illegal (but never criminal) those made in violation of an authorisation granted and all those in the context of an indiscriminate drug distribution with a risk to public health.

And the truth is that the judgment we are commenting on seems to mitigate that claim (that all consumption is illegal) when it concludes by saying that the cultivation acts of the same are punishable only in that they tend to facilitate the promotion, favouration or facilitation consumption by third parties, so that the consumption of the «self-cultivated» would not be illegal.

The limits of shared consumption.
The doctrine of shared consumption is a construction of the case-law consisting in considering non-criminal, not only individual consumption, but also that practiced as a group even if it involves acts of mutual relief or facilitation among the members of the collective that must always be reduced.
The criterion by which the Supreme Court outlines this doctrine is clearly restrictive and characterizes it with four notes:

1o) That they are habitual consumers or addicts who are grouped together to consume the substance.

(2) Consumption of the substance must be carried out «in a closed place» and the diffusion of the substance should not be extended to those who are not part of the initially grouped ones.

(3) The act shall be limited to a small group of identifiable and determined addicts.

4o)Applies only to small quantities, limited to daily consumption without the possibility of mass storage.
And here the entire dynamite judgment is the scheme of the Social Cannabis Club because it literally states that the doctrine of shared consumption neither in its merits nor in its detailed requirements can serve as a cover for associative initiatives of distribution of cannabis.»
It adds the judgment which is criminal «the conduct specifically in organizing a system of cultivation, collection, or acquisition of marijuana for the purpose of distributing or delivering it to third parties, even if the purchasers are required to have incorporated prior to a list, a club, or a similar association or group.»

The Supreme Court declares itself outside the debate on legalization and considers that it is not its role to regulate this issue.-
The Court claims to be aware of the social and political debate on the legalization of cannabis but states that «it is not the role of a Court to interfere in that debate(…) and even less is its role in making decisions that are in the hands of other state powers.»

Here is certainly the key to the issue: courts should not take on a task that falls to politicians and the Legislative Power and only an overdose of naivety can lead to the belief in legalization through judicial decisions; this way could lead to a situation of mere tolerance (such as the one that has been there so far) but not the establishment of a legal framework in which users can exercise their rights and claim their protection.

At the same time, the Supreme Court recognizes that the doctrine of shared consumption may provide for the cultivation of a collective for the exclusive supply of its members, but expressly chooses not to determine the requirements that would make such an action permissible because considers that it goes beyond its role.
Against this position, one of the judges expresses a particular vote on the judgment that this waiver to define «more or less reasonable strict requirements» constitutes an insufficient and insecure response that does not clearly resolve the problem, and on the contrary perpetuates it; it is more with this silence the Supreme Court is not attending to the «effective fulfilment of –its- essential function as a Chamber of Marriage to which it would be due, after a long period of indefinition and legal uncertainty in this matter, to resolve precisely the conflict by establishing clear limits on the typicality of the assumptions of cannabis user groups for a crop dedicated exclusively to self-consumption.» That would be to understand, the Legal Order as an open texture, in the words of Herbert Hart, and the court’s interpreting function in an organic way, suited to social reality and not merely mechanical and literalist.

Conclusions
The Supreme Court has opted for a restrictive interpretation of the shared consumption doctrine in which most of the current associations will hardly have accommodated.

First and foremost the number of members of the group has to be reduced and closed to third parties, this is in a literal sense, limited (which implies the impossibility of admitting new members once constituted) and small (legal concept indeterminate but in which they do not have of course, all those associations that number their members in the hundreds or thousands).

The judgment expressly states the associative initiatives for the distribution of cannabis outside the scope of the doctrine of shared consumption and insists that it is not permissible for a small core of people to organize and direct the structure, supply, cultivation and distribution, control, cultivation and that a large and indiscriminate group of users is limited to obtaining the substance upon payment of its quota and its cost; that is to facilitate the consumption of third parties because there are distributors – even if they are also consumers – versus simple recipient consumers.

It is therefore not only a quantitative but also qualitative issue: a small number of people with a non-hierarchical and equal structure in terms of involvement in organizing, cultivation and distribution; that is the most that seems to have a place in this conception of the doctrine of shared consumption and, from a legal point of view, is somewhat closer to a community of goods than to an association.
None of this seems to fit the model that inspires hundreds of cannabis associations, so it must be acknowledged that the sentence is closer to the wording of the norm (which is otherwise omni-comprehensive of any consumer-led conduct) than to the social reality.

The Supreme Court may (and should) refuse to interfere in the debate on the legalization of drugs but with this ruling has gone on to interfere in the daily lives of thousands of members of those legally constituted clubs who, under the criteria it establishes, will not have option other than to go to the black market.

At the same time, associations should be aware that the protection scheme (the legality coverage of cannabis clubs) offered by the Malaga Opinion does not support many of the current behaviors that have ended up breaking their «seams».

Source: www.cannabis.es

Cannabis flavonoid could help treat pancreatic cancer

A recent study has concluded that a non-cannabinoid, non-psychoactive cannabis flavonoid, FBL-03G, has the potential to treat pancreatic cancer.

The study, conducted by researchers with Dana Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School, used animal models to look at the impact of FBL-03G – a flavonoid derived from Cannabis sativa L. – on the progression of tumours. It demonstrated the therapeutic efficacy in both local and metastatic tumour progression in animals with pancreatic cancer.

Using a combination treatment of cannabis flavonoid FBL-03G as an immunoadjuvant, in vitro studies were first carried out with and without radiotherapy (RT), with the flavonoid being sustainably delivered from smart radiotherapy biomaterials.

Currently, the survival rate for advanced pancreatic cancers is an average of five years, with current treatment including options such as chemotherapy, radiation and immunotherapy, and surgery – all of which have limited success due to the cancer’s aggressive nature.

What is a cannabis flavonoid?

Flavonoids are secondary metabolites found in plants and fungus – and ones found only in cannabis are known as cannaflavins. These give the plant colour to attract pollinators, work in conjunction with terpenes to give the plant its’ taste and aroma and protect the plant from pests and diseases.

Although flavonoids are widely understudied, we are learning more about them as more research is conducted. A number of recent studies have revealed many pharmacological benefits to the flavonoids found specifically in the cannabis plant.

Therapeutic efficacy

The study, published in Frontiers in Oncology, conducted repeated experiments that showed significant increases in the survival rate for animals with pancreatic cancer compared to control groups.

The study stated: ‘While ongoing studies are in progress to address the specific mechanism for this immunotherapy potential of this cannabis derivative, the possibility of leveraging such a therapy approach to treat metastasis or increase survival is significant, given that most pancreatic cancer patients are diagnosed already with metastatic disease, with limited treatment options.

‘The results highlight the potential of using non-cannabinoid, non-psychoactive derivatives of cannabis for such treatment. Further work to optimise therapeutic efficacy for such cannabis derivatives and evaluate toxicity could set the stage for clinical translation.

‘The FBL-03G results reveal a new potential non-cannabinoid cannabis derivative with major potential for consideration in further investigations in the treatment of pancreatic cancer, where new therapy options are urgently needed.’

Inhibited tumour growth in other parts of the body

The researchers were surprised at some of the unprecedented findings in the study that demonstrated the cannabis flavonoid also inhibited tumour progression in other parts of the body that the cancer had spread to.

The study administered sustained delivery of the cannabis flavonoid derivative FBL-03G from smart radiotherapy biomaterials (SRBs) which resulted in tumour growth inhibition of both locally treated and distant untreated tumours, with and without radiotherapy.

The study noted: ‘The FBL-03G payload used in this study is a flavonoid non-cannabinoid derivative of cannabis, and the potential to inhibit both local and metastatic tumour progression is remarkable, especially for pancreatic cancer, with a dismal five-year survival rate of 8%.’

Source: https://www.healtheuropa.eu/cannabis-flavonoid-pancreatic-cancer/93037/